In 2014, by signing the Association Agreement with the EU, Ukraine undertook, among others, to approximate national environmental legislation to the one of the EU. One of the main measures to reform the sector is to transpose the provisions of Directive 2010/75/EU on industrial emissions (integrated approach to pollution prevention and control) and to introduce in accordance with this Directive the so-called Best Available Techniques (BAT) taking into account the conclusions of EU Best Best Available Techniques reference documents (BREFs) in each of the industries.
Considering the ongoing reform of the waste management sector, the aim of this work is to make public authorities, local governments, environmentalists, and other specialists in the field of environmental protection, as well as civil society aware of the best available techniques and methods for waste management, in particular biological waste treatment.
The biological waste treatment — composting and anaerobic digestion — was chosen as a priority for implementation in Ukraine due to the following:
- the predominance of biowaste (organic waste) in the composition of solid waste (20-60 % by weight depending on the season, type of territory of the territorial community, and housing);
- the developed sector of agriculture (according to the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine, the potential for biogas production from waste/by-products of agriculture is 5.8 billion cubic meters per year);
- the lowest level of capital investment and operating costs in comparison with alternative methods of waste treatment: waste incineration plants and landfills that meet the requirements of environmental safety;
- economic feasibility of anaerobic digestion projects, including in the long run, because biomass, which includes pure organic matter, is a renewable energy source.
|(A handbook with a translation of official EU documents)Yanina Basista
сhairman of the Board of Ecosmart NGO, an expert in the field of waste
The document was created within the initiative “Implementation of European practices in solid waste management” implemented by the NGO “Ukrainian Center for European Policy” in partnership with the NGO “Center for Public and Media Initiatives” within the Global Project “Support to the Export Initiative on Environmental Technologies” implemented by the German federal company Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the Government of Germany. The information and views expressed in this document are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Government of Germany, the German federal company Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.